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Research

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City Health Monitor

Find out which cities place well in the latest City Health Monitor. This briefing discusses the key findings for 10 Canadian metropolitan areas.

Briefing | 30 pages | December 2016 | Greg Sutherland | The Conference Board of Canada

Stopping Sedentary School Kids: Getting Kids to Move More and Sit Less

We know that physical inactivity and sedentary behaviour are linked to many chronic conditions, such as diabetes, heart disease, and cancer. Yet despite the health risks, levels of physical activity (PA) among children and youth remain low. In fact, Canadian children received a “D-” on this year’s ParticipACTION Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth, as only 4 per cent of girls and 9 per cent of boys accumulated 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) at least six days a week. This report card essentially shows no change in PA levels in comparison to the previous year. So what can be done? The school environment is an ideal setting to deliver strategic programs to increase physical activity and to reduce sedentary behaviour. Comprehensive and sustainable interventions, such as classroom activity breaks and active transportation, may bring the greatest benefits in the long term. But which programs and interventions are the most cost-effective? And how can we best leverage the education system to make in-roads when sedentary behaviour an inactivity levels have remained unchanged for so long?

Recorded Webinar | December 2016 | Thy Dinh | The Conference Board of Canada

Healthy Brains at Work—The Impact of Workplace Mental Health Initiatives

No one, and no workplace, is immune to mental illness. And as research continues to show, poor mental health can negatively impact an individual’s health, well-being, and productivity. Organizations that pay attention to the mental health and wellness of their employees are likely to realize significant benefits through a healthier, more productive workforce. How does your organization fare? Join us for this third briefing in our Healthy Brains at Work research series, as we explore the potential impact of improving outcomes for working Canadians living with mental illness. We also explore the potential impact of improving outcomes for Canadians whose symptoms prevent them from entering the workforce. In this 60-minute session, Conference Board researcher Greg Sutherland will present original research on the potential impact of poor mental health on the Canadian economy.

Recorded Webinar | November 2016 | Greg Sutherland | The Conference Board of Canada

Moving Ahead: School-Based Interventions to Reduce Physical Inactivity and Sedentary Behaviour

Decreased physical activity and increased sedentary behaviour are linked to overweight, obesity, and chronic diseases. This report evaluates school-based interventions to address these issues among children and youth.

Report | 64 pages | November 2016 | Jessica Brichta | The Conference Board of Canada

Aller de l’avant : Interventions en milieu scolaire pour réduire l’inactivité physique et la sédentarité

La baisse de l'activité physique et l'accroissement de la sédentarité sont associés à l’embonpoint, à l’obésité et aux maladies chroniques. Ce rapport examine les interventions en milieu scolaire destinées à résoudre ces problèmes chez les enfants et les jeunes.

Résumé | 61 pages | November 2016 | Jessica Brichta | Le Conference Board du Canada

Bending the Cost Curve in Canadian Health Care: The Economics of Health

Canadian provinces typically devote approximately 7.7 per cent of their GDP to health expenditures—a figure that some say could climb to around 10 per cent by 2030. However, we are not doing enough to prepare ourselves for the type of high acuity and cognitively impaired patients who will soon need long-term care, and which require different set of investments, capital stock, and health human resources than we currently deploy. Currently, expenditure growth on public health care appears to be slowing, though it is unclear whether this slowdown is the result of the provinces’ success in sustainably bending the cost curve, or a result of short-term cost-cutting in response to reduced economic growth and federal health transfers. So where can we start? And what can be done to address this issue before it becomes a major crisis? Free Book for all Participants! Each registration includes a complimentary copy of Dr. Marchildon’s book, Bending the Cost Curve in Health Care: Canada’s Provinces in International Perspective.

Recorded Webinar | October 2016 | The Conference Board of Canada

Canadian Beverage Association Balance Calories Initiative: Baseline Report

The Canadian Beverage Association has set a goal to reduce the daily per capita calories consumed through liquid refreshment beverages (LRBs)—that is, all non-alcoholic refreshment beverages except dairy products and hot coffee and tea—by 20 per cent between 2015 and 2025. This briefing establishes a baseline for the Balance Calories initiative and shows what additional level of effort will be required to meet the target beyond what can be expected through consumption trends.

Briefing | 31 pages | October 2016 | Michael Grant | The Conference Board of Canada

Association canadienne des boissons Initiative Équilibre en calories : Rapport de référence

L’Association canadienne des boissons veut réduire de 20 % par personne l’apport calorique quotidien provenant des boissons rafraîchissantes de 2015 à 2025. Cette note d’information indique l’effort supplémentaire requis pour y parvenir.

Résumé | 34 pages | October 2016 | Michael Grant | Le Conference Board du Canada

Gaining Efficiency: Increasing the Use of Physician Assistants in Canada

This second report of the series on the value of physician assistants (PAs) calculates the cost savings that could be generated for the health system by hiring more PAs.

Report | 47 pages | October 2016 | Marc Desormeaux, Matthew Stewart, Kelly Grimes, Gabriela Prada | The Conference Board of Canada

Recours accru aux adjoints au médecin : estimation des économies générées

Ce rapport, le second d’une série sur la valeur des adjoints au médecin (AM), évalue les économies potentielles qui peuvent être générées dans le réseau de la santé par l’embauche d’un plus nombre d’AM.

Résumé | 52 pages | October 2016 | Marc Desormeaux, Matthew Stewart, Kelly Grimes, Gabriela Prada | Le Conference Board du Canada

Managing Mobility: Transportation in an Aging Society

Canada’s population is aging rapidly, creating more pressing transportation challenges and risks. This briefing discusses some key challenges and opportunities for improving transportation policy for seniors.

Briefing | 47 pages | October 2016 | Daniel Munro | The Conference Board of Canada

Gérer la mobilité : Le transport dans une société vieillissante

La population canadienne vieillit rapidement, accentuant les défis et les risques en matière de transport. Cette note de recherche traite des défis et possibilités d’amélioration des politiques de transport à l’intention des personnes âgées.

Résumé | 47 pages | October 2016 | Daniel Munro | Le Conference Board du Canada

Walkability Pays: The Financial Benefits of Healthy Communities

This webinar will present new and exciting modeling tools developed by Urban Design 4 Health to support healthy communities in land use and transportation decision-making. It will review why health should be addressed in scenario planning; highlight several tools explicitly built to predict how investing in walkable neighbourhoods would support active transportation and resulting decreases in obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular rates; and present current examples of monetized health benefits from plans that support active transportation. The webinar will describe the California Public Health Assessment Module (CPHAM), a spatially resolute tool that can valuate health impacts of changes in physical activity and chronic disease from contrasting land use and transportation investment scenarios. CPHAM’s application in supporting regional transportation planning in Los Angeles and Madison, Wisconsin will be presented. The webinar will highlight a similar tool developed for application in West Don Lands located east of Downtown Toronto and Surrey Centre in Surrey, British Columbia. It will also introduce several new tools for supporting health in policy conversations. The National Built, Natural & Social Environment Database comprising of standardized built, natural, and social environmental indicators will be presented. The use of the database as an input into the National Public Health Assessment Module (NPHAM) will also be discussed. Finally, the webinar will discuss extending health modeling by monetizing predicted health benefits. It will show how health modeling in the Los Angeles case was extended to calculate direct, indirect, and induced health and financial benefits of active transportation. University of British Columbia research linking walkability to BCGenerations Project and provincial health records and costs in Vancouver will also be discussed.

Recorded Webinar | October 2016 | The Conference Board of Canada

Are Canadian Kids too Tired to Move? Results from the 2016 ParticipACTION Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth

If you think kids can get a little physical activity and then play video games into the wee hours while still remaining healthy, you’re in for a rude awakening. The ParticipACTION Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth is the most comprehensive assessment of child and youth physical activity in Canada. The 2016 edition has for the first time assigned a grade specifically to sleep and includes new Canadian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for Children and Youth: and Integration of Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviour, and Sleep. These new Guidelines state that children and youth need a combination of high levels of physical activity, low levels of sedentary behaviour, and sufficient sleep each day to be healthy—simply, they need to Sweat, Step, Sleep and Sit the right amounts. Unfortunately, children and youth are spending way too much time being sedentary and not enough time moving: Only 9 per cent of 5-17 year olds get the recommended 60 minutes of heart-pumping activity they need each day Only 24 per cent of 5-17 year olds meet the Canadian Sedentary Behaviour Guidelines recommending no more than two hours of screen time per day Only 10 per cent of 11-15 year olds in Canada meet the screen time recommendation of no more than two hours per day, and only 20 per cent of the same age group report at least 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity on all seven days of the week. Please Note - The registration fee is being charged only to cover the basic costs of running the webinar.

Recorded Webinar | September 2016 | The Conference Board of Canada

Problematic Substance Use and the Canadian Workplace

This briefing presents the findings of an online survey on the policies and programs Canadian employers have developed and implemented to address problematic substance use in the workplace.

Briefing | 31 pages | September 2016 | The Conference Board of Canada

La consommation problématique de substances et le milieu de travail canadien

Cette note de recherche présente les résultats d’un sondage en ligne sur les politiques et les programmes que les employeurs canadiens ont élaborés et mis en œuvre pour remédier à la consommation problématique de substances psychoactives en milieu de travail.

Résumé | 37 pages | September 2016 | The Conference Board of Canada

Running on Empty: Understanding Fatigue in the Workplace

Are your employees fatigued? This survey found that 27 per cent of employees report being fatigued most days or every day of a typical work week.

Briefing | 42 pages | September 2016 | Gail Hepburn, Charles Boyer, Louise Chenier | The Conference Board of Canada

Au bout du rouleau : Comprendre la fatigue en milieu de travail

D’après les résultats d’un sondage, 27 % des employés sont fatigués la plupart des jours ou tous les jours d’une semaine de travail typique, ce qui est dangereux pour leur santé et leur sécurité, ainsi que celle de leurs collègues. Cette publication comprend un résumé en français, suivi d’une version anglaise du rapport intégral.

Résumé | 46 pages | September 2016 | Gail Hepburn, Charles Boyer, Louise Chenier | Le Conference Board du Canada

Value of Physician Assistants: Understanding the Role of Physician Assistants Within Health Systems

Delivering high-quality, effective, and sustainable health services is both a top priority and one of the most pressing challenges facing Canada today. But in a system that’s already stretched for resources, extra funding for new initiatives or staff can be a long and daunting process. Is there a middle ground?Physician assistants (PAs) are academically prepared and highly skilled health care professionals who provide a broad range of medical services in different clinical settings. Under the supervision of a physician, PA’s provide needed support and care when other medical staff could be stretched to their limit. However, despite their invaluable role, there is a lack of data on the impact of PAs from a productivity and cost-effectiveness perspective.

Recorded Webinar | September 2016 | Gabriela Prada | The Conference Board of Canada

Healthy Brains at Work: Estimating the Impact of Workplace Mental Health Benefits and Programs

This third briefing in a four-part research series—Healthy Brains at Work—presents an estimate of the potential impact on the economy if effective mental health benefits and workplace programs were enhanced in Canada.

Briefing | 52 pages | September 2016 | Carole Stonebridge, Greg Sutherland | The Conference Board of Canada

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